Image source: Treaty_of_Serves_Greece.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6439949
A map depicting the territory Greece would have acquired in the Treaty of Sevres, c. 1920, which dealt with the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire following their defeat in World War I. The Anatolian territories contain land that the Greeks occupied for centuries before and during the reign of the Ottoman Empire. However, in 1923, the Treaty of Lusanne replaced Sevres after Turkish nationalists, lead by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, defeated Greece in the Greco-Turkish war. Thus, Greece lost Anatolia. Population exchanges between Turks and Greeks ensued with thousands on each side losing homes that their families lived on for generations.